4 Amazing Medical Discoveries Made in 2015
By Jorge Suarez
This past year has proven to be an extraordinary year for medical science. While the rest of us have been living our lives, researchers and scientists have done extensive research and have come up with some fascinating results. Here are just four of the many scientific discoveries that have been made by scientists this past year:
1. Eye Drops That Can Cure Cataracts
A new drug that is delivered through eye drops can shrink and dissolve cataracts. Cataracts is known to be the leading cause of blindness in humans, so this is an amazing breakthrough, since the only way to treat cataracts is through a high-risk and expensive surgery. So far, the drug has been used on rabbits, dogs, and humans that suffer from the vision disorder. On all subjects, it has shown success in shrinking the cataracts significantly. The drug contains lanosterol, a natural steroid, which scientist say stops defective proteins from clumping together and forming cataracts. This can be a large step for curing the disorder not only in the West, but also in poorer nations that do not have access to the necessary facilities needed for a safe procedure.
2. Artificial Skin That Will Revolutionize Prosthetics
A team of scientists have created artificial skin that they hope will revolutionize prosthetics, allowing them to heal, feel pain, and more effectively detect touch and temperature. The artificial skin is made up of two plastic layers in which the top layer gathers all of the information and the bottom layer sends it over to the brain. Although this research is in its early stages, this is a huge step for prosthetics and the team plans on taking a different approach in stimulating human nerves with electric pulses in the future.
3. A New Test That Detects All Possible Viruses in Humans and Animals
Researchers from the Washington University in St. Louis have developed a new test capable of detecting nearly all viruses known to infect humans and animals. This new test, also known as ViroCap, can help doctors diagnose infection even if they have no idea what they are looking for. The test is still undergoing clinical trials, so it may take a while before being used on actual patients. However, the researchers plan to continue refining and testing the process, and all results will be made public so that other researchers and doctors can assist with its improvement…….