Risk Factors

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These Risk factors can not be controlled:

Increasing Age: As we age our risk of developing macular degeneration increases. Macular degeneration is most common in people over the age of 50.

Family History of Macular Degeneration: If someone in your family has/had macular degeneration, your odds of developing macular degeneration is higher.

Caucasian Race: Macular degeneration is more common in whites than it is in other races, especially after age 75. However recently there have been increased numbers of people developing macular degeneration in all races.

Gender: Women are more likely than men to develop macular degeneration.

 Genetics: We now know that age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is also associated with certain genetic mutation. In fact a number of genes and proteins have been found to be important in AMD.

These risk factors can be controlled:

Cigarette Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of developing macular degeneration.

Obesity: Being severely overweight increases the chance that early or intermediate macular degeneration will progress to the more severe form of the disease.

Diet: Not eating enough fruits and vegetables may increase the risk of developing macular degeneration. ( low levels of nutrients and vitamins such as A, C and E)

High Blood Pressure: Diseases that affect the circulatory system, such as high blood pressure, heart trouble may increase the risk of macular degeneration.

High Cholesterol: An elevated cholesterol level in your blood is associated with an increase risk of macular degeneration.

 
Researchers have found links between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and some lifestyle choices, such as smoking. You cannot change your race of family history or genetics,but you might be able to reduce your risk of AMD or slow its progression by making these healthy choices.
 
Avoid Smoking
Exercise regularly
Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Eat a healthy diet rich in green leafy vegetables and fish high in omega 3 fatty acids (examples: salmon, sardines)
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