Focus on Eyes: Life improves after cataract surgery

Focus on Eyes: Life improves after cataract surgery

DR. JUAN CARLOS DE RIVERO AND DR. FREDERICK HO, FOR FLORIDA TODAY

Inside the eye, we find the crystalline lens. The crystalline lens is a clear, transparent structure when we are born. As we grow older, the lens continues to produce cells. As a result, as part of the normal aging process, the lens becomes cloudy, and this cloudiness is what we call cataract. In a few cases, children are born with cataracts. These types of cataracts are referred to as congenital cataracts.

Cataract is the No. 1 leading cause of blindness worldwide. As cataracts progress, vision diminishes, and patients start to have problems reading and watching their favorite TV shows.

Similarly, patients begin to have issues with glare and difficulty driving at night. Some people even opt to stop driving due to their poor quality of vision. As cataracts advance, there are subtle changes that patients do not necessarily realize at first, but they find themselves needing more light to see objects that they used to see before without any problems.

Cataracts also cause a decrease in the intensity of the colors. This is not readily noticeable by many patients if both eyes develop cataracts at the same rate. Patients will usually notice this decrease in color intensity after they have their first cataract surgery done. At that point, patients start to notice that colors are brighter in the operated eye when compared to the eye that still has the cataract.