Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve. This nerve carries visual information from the eye to the brain. In most cases, damage to the optic nerve is due to increased pressure in the eye, also known as intraocular pressure (IOP).-MDA

Statistics say only about half of those who have glaucoma know it. Yet it is the second-leading cause of blindness in Americans and the No. 1 cause of blindness in African-Americans.

Here are three important things to know about the disease:

1. Everyone is at risk for glaucoma

Older people are at a higher risk for glaucoma, but about one of every 10,000 babies born in the United States has glaucoma and young adults can get glaucoma, too.

2. There may be no symptoms to warn you

With open-angle glaucoma, the most common form, there are virtually no symptoms. Usually, no pain is associated with increased eye pressure. Peripheral vision is lost first and people may compensate unconsciously by turning to the side, which means they may not notice anything until significant vision is lost. The best way to protect against glaucoma is to get regular eye exams. If glaucoma is suspected, doctors can do visual field testing and a gonioscopy, which gives a view of the angle of the eye.

3. There is no cure for glaucoma

Lost vision can’t be regained, …..

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Source: Penn Live