Diabetes affects over 16 million Americans. The most common form of diabetes is adult-onset diabetes. Adult-onset diabetes typically strikes those who are over 40, overweight and have a sedentary lifestyle.A common complication of diabetes is diabetic eye disease. Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of sight-threatening eye problems that people with diabetes may develop. Glaucoma is a complicated disease in which damage to the optic nerve leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness. Glaucoma is one of these diseases. It is estimated that over 2.2 million Americans have glaucoma but only half of those know they have it.
People with diabetes – especially those who have had the disease for a long period of time – are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma, according to the results of a new study.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University in Maryland looked at data from just under 3 million patients in 16 countries to determine the relationship between diabetes and glaucoma.
According to the data, those with diabetes are almost one and a half times more likely than those without the disease to develop glaucoma. The longer they’ve had diabetes also plays a part. According to statistical evidence, the risk factor increases by 5 percent a year following a diabetes diagnosis, researchers said.
Given that diabetic nerve damage including to the optic nerve – which can trigger the elevated pressure associated with glaucoma – increases over time, the relationship makes sense, experts say.
Source: Diabetes Health