If you have diabetes, you probably already know that you’re at risk for vision problems. You know that controlling your blood sugar and monitoring your A1C is vital for your overall health. But here are some facts about diabetes and your eye health that you might not know:
1. Most major eye disease from diabetes takes about five to 10 years to develop.
But that doesn’t mean your vision is safe during those years. Damage to your eyes from uncontrolled blood sugar doesn’t have symptoms at first. That’s why it is critical to have an ophthalmologist examine your eyes regularly to find problems before you notice them.
2. People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop cataracts than other adults.
Cataracts also develop at a younger age and progress faster in adults with diabetes than in people without it. High blood sugar levels lead to a build-up of cells and proteins in the eye’s lens, making it cloudy. Maintaining strict control of blood glucose levels may help delay the onset of cataracts.
Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology