Early diagnosis and treatment are the best ways to deal with these potential sight problems.

BY KAITLYN PIRIE

Sudden vision loss is scary and a reason to see a physician immediately, but other vision problems can develop so slowly that you don’t realize there’s a problem. That’s why it’s important to have a comprehensive eye exam done every one to two years, depending on your individual risk factors. “Many people really have no idea that the eye and the brain are so sophisticated that you can have 2020 vision, and still have very serious eye diseases lurking in the eye,” says Stephanie Marioneaux, M.D., clinical spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Here are eight common vision issues you should be aware of, along with their risk factors and potential treatment options. Early diagnosis and treatment can often stop vision loss in its tracks.

Refractive errors

What it is: Refractive errors are the most common vision impairment among adults between age 19 and 40 and they include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (distorted vision at all distances), and presbyopia (the loss of up-close focusing ability), according to Barbara Horn, O.D., president of the American Optometric Association. All of these issues happen when the eye can’t properly bend light.

The cause: Genetics, age, and gender play a role. Spending a lot of time looking at things up close — for instance, while using a smartphone screen, reading a book, quilting a blanket — can also increase your risk of myopia, which is a growing problem.

What to do: Have your vision checked and then use glasses, contact lenses, or laser surgery to correct errors. The National Eye Institute says 11 million Americans aren’t sufficiently corrected and would see a whole lot better if they were.

Read more: https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/health/a31993780/vision-issues-problems/

Source: Good House Keeping

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