The Macular Degeneration Association came across this article and although it is talking about our bodies- Obesity effects our eyes. Oxidative Stress and inflammation can help withe the progrssion of eye diseases such as macular degeneration and diabetic eye disease.

Citrus fruit antioxidants may prevent chronic diseases caused by obesity

by Hannah Nichols
A  class of  antioxidants found in oranges, limes, and lemons may help prevent the harmful effects of obesity in mice fed a Western high-fat diet, researchers find.
Citrus fruits contain several antioxidants that may prevent a range of health concerns. According to a recent article exploring the health benefits of popular foods, citrus fruits may lower ischemicstroke risk, maintain blood pressure, and support heart health.
Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants called flavonoids, which are the largest group of phytonutrients – plant chemicals – with more than 6,000 types. Phytonutrients along with carotenoids are responsible for the vivid colors of fruits and vegetables.
There are several groups of flavonoids, including anthocyanidins, flavanols, flavones, flavanones and isoflavones. Flavanones, such as hesperidin, eriocitrin, and eriodictyol, are abundant in citrus fruits and have been associated with lowering oxidative stress in vitro and animal models.
“Our results indicate that in the future we can use citrus flavanones, a class of antioxidants, to prevent or delay chronic diseases caused by obesity in humans,” says Paula S. Ferreira, a graduate student with the research team.
The investigators are presenting the results of the study at the 252nd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Oxidative stress causes chronic disease in obese individuals

According to the CDC, more than one third of all adults in the United States are obese. Obesity is a significant factor in increasing the risk of developing heart disease, liver disease, and type 2 diabetes, potentially due to oxidative stress and inflammation Ferreira explains.
Consuming a high-fat diet leads to an accumulation of fat in the human body. Fat cells produce excessive reactive oxygen species, which can damage cells.
While the body can fight off oxidative stress molecules with antioxidants, obese patients have enlarged fat cells, which can lead to higher levels of oxidative stress that overwhelms the body’s ability to counteract them……..
Read more: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/312456.php
Source: Medical News Today

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