Most people who have fibromuscular dysplasia don’t have any symptoms. Still, it’s possible you could have some signs or symptoms of the disease, depending on what artery is affected by fibromuscular dysplasia. Fibromuscular dysplasia can cause blurred vision or temporary loss of vision if the arteries to your brain (carotid arteries) are affected. – MDA
By Heart & Vascular Team
Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) is a little-known form of vascular disease that leaves many people vulnerable to stroke and severe high blood pressure in the prime of life.
Unfortunately, many doctors are unfamiliar with this disease, which tends to affect younger and middle-aged patients. These patients are primarily otherwise healthy women. So when a woman complains of migraine, dizziness or a swooshing noise in the ears, or develops high blood pressure, her doctor is unlikely to suspect she may have FMD.
“The diagnosis is often delayed, generally by years after symptoms develop” says Cleveland Clinic vascular medicine specialist Heather Gornik, MD, the first physician in the world to start a dedicated FMD clinic.
Everything that is known today about FMD appears in the first American Heart Association Scientific Statement on the disease. Dr. Gornik co-chaired the task force that produced the document, which was published on March 4, 2014, in Circulation.

Treatment options

What isn’t well-known is how to treat the disease. Medications can reduce the effects of high blood pressure and help prevent a heart attack and stroke. Aneurysms and tears can be treated with medications, a catheter-based procedure, or surgery. But unlike atherosclerosis, which may cause a blockage in one or two locations, FMD can affect entire vessels in multiple locations, making the disease much harder to treat.
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Source: Cleveland Clinic