Glaucoma and Macular Degeneration
Did you know that you can have both these diseases at the same time?
Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead optic nerve damage. This nerve carries visual information from the eye to the brain. In most cases, damage to the optic nerve is due to increased pressure in the eye, also known as intraocular pressure (IOP)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration or breakdown of the eye’s macula. The macula is a small area in the retina — the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for your central vision, allowing you to see fine details clearly.
Macular Degeneration does not affect the disease process of glaucoma, but it can contribute to decreased vision along with glaucoma.
Unfortunately, the vision loss that may occur with glaucoma usually affects your side vision (peripheral vision). Macular degeneration tends to affect the central portion of your vision.
If you develop both conditions, though not actively affecting each other, the visual impairment that may result will affect a larger area of vision than just having glaucoma alone.
Please see your eye care professional and have a dilated eye exam at least once a year – early detection of these diseases will help preserve your vision .