Glaucoma: The silent enemy

by: Prof Luca Rossetti
This week is World Glaucoma Week, an annual collaborative project between the World Glaucoma Association and the World Glaucoma Patient Association, which aims to highlight the dangers of glaucoma blindness, alerting people to the need for regular eye checks, including optic nerve checks. Here, Luca Rossetti, Section editor of BMC Ophthalmology’s dedicated Glaucoma section discusses the dangers of this silent enemy.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. During World Glaucoma Week, health care providers the world over aim to highlight that the battle against this silent enemy is still long and raise awareness of the dangers of glaucoma, encouraging their patients to undergo regular eye checks.
Why is glaucoma the silent enemy of sight? In most cases glaucoma is asymptomatic until the late stages of the disease and diagnosis is frequently delayed, resulting in significant, irreparable, damage to vision.
Glaucoma is now the second leading cause of blindness globally, after cataracts. It is estimated that glaucoma will affect 79 million people worldwide by 2020, with 10% bilaterally blind. The rapidly increasing numbers of people diagnosed with glaucoma can be easily explained by an aging population: glaucoma cases increase with age and elder people of today are more demanding in seeking care.
Glaucoma is a group of progressive optic neuropathies which are characterized by degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and resulting changes in the optic nerve head and visual loss…..
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Source: Bio Med Central