Information about Macular Degeneration

50% of Blindness Cases

Macular degeneration is an eye disease that causes vision loss and is considered incurable. More than 50% of blindness cases are attributed to macular degeneration across the globe.
It involves deterioration of the macula, a small central area of the retina of the eye responsible for focusing of the vision, which leads to gradual vision loss. Though it can affect individuals in any age group, it is more common among the elderly.
It affects more than 10 million U.S. residents, which is more than the combined number of cases for cataract and glaucoma, the other two common eye diseases.

Macular degeneration
 
Also called: age-related macular degeneration
 
An eye disease that causes vision loss.
 
More than 200,000 US cases per year
 
Can’t be cured, but treatment may help
 
Requires a medical diagnosis
 
Lab tests or imaging rarely required
 
Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Macular degeneration causes loss in the center of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the center of the retina deteriorates. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels grow under the retina.
Blurred vision is a key symptom.
A special combination of vitamins and minerals (AREDS formula) may reduce disease progression. Surgery may also be an option.
Ages affected
0-2
Very rare
 
3-5
Very rare
 
6-13
Very rare
 
14-18
Very rare
 
19-40
Rare
 
41-60
Common
 
60+
Very common
 
Consult a doctor for medical advice
 
Read more: Mayo Clinic  & Regeneron
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