Insomnia Linked to Increased Risk of Developing AMD

by: Matt Hoffman
Not sleeping can lead to more than just tired eyes—insomnia has been identified as an objective sign of an increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Findings presented at the 36th annual meeting of the American Society of Retinal Specialists (ASRS) in Vancouver, British Columbia, has revealed that in comparison to a cohort of those who did not suffer from insomnia, in which 1.8% developed AMD, those who did have the sleep condition developed AMD at a rate of 2.5% (P  <.001). Additionally, the incidence of neovascular, or wet, AMD was also higher for those with insomnia—0.3% compared to 0.2% (P = .002).
A trio of researchers, led by Der-Chong Tsai, MD, PhD, of the Department of Ophthalmology at the National Yang-Ming University Hospital and School of Medicine, in Yilan, Taiwan, posited that due to reports of decreased levels of melatonin in patients with AMD, insomnia may be linked to the development of the condition. Their longitudinal case-control study utilized data from 15,465 patients aged ≥55 years with newly diagnosed insomnia and compared their outcomes over a 9-year period with a comparator group of 92,790 patients without insomnia.
Tsai and colleagues noted that previous research has indicated pronounced decreases in circulating melatonin exist in some chronic degenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer disease, senile dementia, and coronary artery disease, and that there is a decreased synthesis of melatonin in older adults, leading to changes in circadian rhythms and sleep-wake cycles.
The results showed that, in total, 1.9% (n = 2094) of the sampled subjects were diagnosed with AMD, including 0.2% (n = 214) with wet AMD, over the mean follow-up period of 5.1 ±2.8 years. After adjusting for age, sex, baseline comorbidities, and the number of outpatient visits, the hazard ratio (HR) for the insomnia cohort to develop AMD was 1.88 (95% CI, 1.68 to 2.11; P <.001) and 2.49 (95% CI, 1.78 to 3.48; P <.001) for wet AMD…..
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Source: MD Magazine