The American Academy of Ophthalmology provides three important tips about preventing diabetes-related vision loss through eye exams

SAN FRANCISCO, May 19, 2015 /PRNewswire/ –While the possibility of losing sight may be a common concern among seniors, eye doctors are reminding the public that advancing age is not the only reason people should be vigilant about protecting their vision. Having diabetes is another significant risk factor for developing eye diseases that can cause blindness if left untreated.

In support of the National Eye Institute’s Healthy Vision Month in May, the American Academy of Ophthalmology is urging the 29 million Americans with diabetes to become more aware that they have a greater chance of being diagnosed with eye conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts, than those without the systemic disease. Ophthalmologists the medical doctors who treat these eye conditions are also emphasizing that in addition to maintaining good blood glucose levels, having a dilated eye exam is the best first-line defense against vision loss from diabetic eye disease.

To help people with diabetes protect their sight, the Academy is sharing with the public three important tips about preventing and detecting diabetic eye disease through eye exams.

  • Early detection is key to preventing diabetes-related vision loss.
    “It’s very important for all people with diabetes to know that diabetes can affect their eyes,” said ophthalmologist Purnima S. Patel, M.D. “Diabetes causes damage throughout the body by affecting small blood vessels, and some of the smallest blood vessels are in the back of the eye. This can result in bleeding or leakage of fluid that can result in decreased vision or even blindness. This is known as diabetic retinopathy, but if it’s detected early we can control it and prevent vision loss.”
  • Diabetes-related vision loss can be detected though comprehensive eye exams.
    “The diabetic retinopathy exam is a comprehensive eye exam that includes a dilated retinal exam with special microscopes and lenses,” said retinal specialist Abdhish R. Bhavsar, M.D. “The retina at the back of the eye is like the film in a camera and it makes the picture and sends the signal to the brain. With specialized instruments in the office, the ophthalmologist can see the retina in great detail in order to assess the potential changes that diabetic retinopathy causes.”
  • How often you get a diabetic eye exam depends on the kind of diabetes you have.
    “It is recommended that adults with type 2 diabetes have a comprehensive eye exam with dilation when they are diagnosed, then at yearly intervals,” said ophthalmologist Gary Hirshfield, M.D. “People with type 1 diabetes require a dilated eye exam five years after diagnosis, and annually after ………..                       Read more:                      Source: Consumer Electronics