Zika and Your Eyes

Recently, the Zika virus has gained a considerable amount of attention in the United States from the government and media. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), has recently released warnings regarding the virus, and President Obama has request emergency funding to help combat the spread of the virus. So what is Zika, who should be concerned, and what can be done about it?

What is Zika?

It can cause fever, joint pain, and conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis, also know as red eye, is one distinguishing feature of the Zika virus.

Zika is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This mosquito is most active during the day. The Aedes mosquito can also spread the Chikungunya, and Dengue viruses. This mosquito can be found in small pools of standing water.
This virus can cause a rare birth defect called microcephaly. Microcephaly, is an unusually small head size that can cause several severe developmental problems.

What are the Signs of Zika?

Only one in five people infected with the Zika virus are symptomatic. Symptoms can appear from a few days to a few weeks after infection. Symptoms of this virus are similar to Dengue and Chikungunya – they include fever, joint point, or conjunctivitis and may may include headache or muscle ache. One distinguishing feature of this virus is the presence of a red eye or conjunctivitis. However, the only way to positively confirm an infection by the Zika virus is through a specialized blood test.

Why is Zika Getting So Much Attention?

Cases of Zika first appeared in 2007. Recently, it has spread in South America, especially in Brazil. Only Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands have had cases of local transmission, i.e. from mosquito to human. In one case Zika was transmitted via sexual intercourse…….
Read more: https://coavision.wordpress.com/2016/02/15/zika-and-your-eyes/
Source: COA Vision