Lifestyle and Home Remedies
Even after receiving a diagnosis of wet macular degeneration, you can take steps that may help slow vision loss.
- Don’t smoke. If you smoke ask your doctor for help to quit.
- Choose a healthy diet. The antioxidant vitamins in fruits and vegetables contribute to eye health. Kale, spinach, broccoli, squash and other vegetables have high levels of antioxidants including lutein and zeaxanthin which may benefit people with macular degeneration. Foods containing high levels of zinc also may be of particular value in patients with macular degeneration. These include high-protein foods such as beef, pork and lamb. Nonmeat sources include milk, cheese, yogurt, whole-grain cereals and whole-wheat bread. Another good choice is healthy unsaturated fats, such as olive oil. Research studies have shown that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids such as those found in salmon, tuna and walnuts, may lower the risk of advanced macular degeneration. But the same benefit is not shown from taking omega-3 supplements such as fish oil capsules.
- Manage your other medical conditions. For example, if you have cardiovascular disease or high blood pressure take your medication and follow your doctor’s instructions for controlling the condition.
- Maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly. If you need to lose weight, reduce the number of calories you eat and increase the amount of exercise you get each day.
- Have routine eye exams. Ask your eye doctor about the recommended schedule for follow-up exams. In between checkups, you can do a self-assessment of your vision using an Amsler grid or by using the ForeseeHome AMD Monitoring Program.